Philosophers form the only class of men to possess knowledge and are also the most just men. Their souls, more than others, aim to fulfil the desires of the rational part. After comparing the philosopher king to the most unjust type of man—represented by the tyrant, who is ruled entirely by his non-rational appetites—Plato claims that justice is worthwhile for its own sake. In Book IX he presents three arguments for the conclusion that it is desirable to be just.
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Next he argues that, though each of the three main character types—money-loving, honor-loving, and truth-loving—have their own conceptions of pleasure and of the corresponding good life—each choosing his own life as the most pleasant—only the philosopher can judge because only he has experienced all three types of pleasure. He tries to demonstrate that only philosophical pleasure is really pleasure at all; all other pleasure is nothing more than cessation of pain.
One might notice that none of these arguments actually prove that justice is desirable apart from its consequences—instead, they establish that justice is always accompanied by true pleasure.
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In all probability, none of these is actually supposed to serve as the main reason why justice is desirable. Instead, the desirability of justice is likely connected to the intimate relationship between the just life and the Forms. Justice is good, in other words, because it is connected to the greatest good, the Form of the Good. Plato ends The Republic on a surprising note.
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Having defined justice and established it as the greatest good, he banishes poets from his city. Poets, he claims, appeal to the basest part of the soul by imitating unjust inclinations. By encouraging us to indulge ignoble emotions in sympathy with the characters we hear about, poetry encourages us to indulge these emotions in life.
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Poetry, in sum, makes us unjust. In closing, Plato relates the myth of Er, which describes the trajectory of a soul after death.
Just souls are rewarded for one thousand years, while unjust ones are punished for the same amount of time. Each soul then must choose its next life. Home Philosophy The Republic Overview. The Republic by: Plato. Introduction and Analysis.
The Republic Quiz 1
Book I. Book II.
Book III. A Plato essay is not very hard to come by, and there are a lot of people who write Plato essays. An essay on Plato is usually quite complex. Every Plato This essay argues that all the objections raised, by the friends and acquaintances of Socrates, regarding the principle proposition stated above, are answered comprehensively.
Plato's Republic- Arguments about Justice Essay. Right vs. C is quite different from the present day understanding of democracy. In another word, for Plato only philosopher kings were entitled to rule a society and apart from them ordinary people were perceived as barbaric and not worthy of governing. Plato believed that anyone who did not have exceptional gifts could not grow into a good man unless he was brought up from childhood in a good environment and trained in good habits. Therefore, people will abuse ultimate freedom and this will lead the state to chaos and instability.
In such a society without law and order, violence would be rampant and inevitably lead to oppression and tyranny.
Plato Essay Questions - 118A Ancient Political Thought...
He warns against leaving people with their own interests. Therefore, we can conclude that according to Plato finally it leads to anarchy and tyranny in a state. In an anarchic society there is no law, and the powerful person is the leader. He has his own law and he accommodates it on people.